Tiny Houses are considered environmentally friendly housing; the main reason many support the movement.
So you would expect these tiny houses to have access to solar power. One of the most effective ways to contribute to the planet.
Now, implementing the use of solar energy in Tiny House is not such a simple matter, you have to take into account some factors involved. Wait! I don’t want to discourage you, respecting the environment is the priority, I just want you to have a complete picture of what this task entails. Let’s see,
How to go solar at Tiny House
Installing photovoltaic panels is the most widely used electrical energy system to produce electricity without harming the environment, since it does not consume fossil fuels to operate.
In addition, it is an economical option because in addition to the fact that solar kits are really cheap, you save on monthly energy costs; in fact, according to research, only 5 square meters of solar panels are enough to meet the annual energy consumption of a family of 4 people.
DC or inverter installation
The electrical energy commonly used in homes runs on Alternating Current (AC). This is the type of power we use when plugging appliances into an electrical outlet.
On the other hand, solar panels use direct current (DC - Direct Current) and since it is not common to find appliances that work with this type of energy, it is necessary to have an inverter, a device capable of transforming an input voltage of direct current to a symmetrical output voltage of alternating current. In this way you will be able to continue using your appliances.
The only disadvantage of using an inverter is that 30% of energy is lost, as these devices generally only offer 70% efficiency.
Another possible option is to convert the entire electrical installation to DC. But in this case, you would have to limit yourself to using only appliances and devices that support this kind of current. The good news is that there are already a greater variety of appliances on the market that use photovoltaic energy (DC), just keep in mind that they tend to be more expensive than conventional appliances and of lower quality.
How to use solar energy in my Tiny House
Using solar energy is becoming easier and easier thanks to advances in technology, as there is a wide variety of modern devices that make our lives easier.
For example, portable electric generators. This device is designed for environmentally friendly use and is easy to use. It is enough to connect a solar panel to start accumulating energy.
They have an integrated charge controller and a lithium battery. In addition, some include an inverter that will allow you to connect any appliance you have. Undoubtedly a totally versatile equipment.
But that’s not all, some come with LED display showing the amount of current battery and the remaining time to run out.
This article is also available in Spanish: Tiny House con energía solar